What Causes Diabetic Nerve Pain-When a person has peripheral neuropathy, the nerves in the peripheral nerve structure have been damaged. Nerve damage can arise from a variety of causes, such as illness, physical injury, poisoning or malnutrition. These things can affect both the afferent or efferent nerves. Depending on the cause of the damage, nerve cell axons, myelin sheaths or both can be damaged or completely destroyed.
There are hundreds of peripheral neuropathies. Representing the level of activity of the peripheral nervous system, its symptoms may involve sensory, motorist or autonomic function. To help with diagnosis and treatment, the symptoms can be classified into basic neuropathic syndromes based on the type of nerve affected and how long the symptoms have progressed. An acute development means symptoms have appeared within a few days, and subacute means symptoms have developed over the next few weeks. Early chronic symptoms develop within months to years, and further chronic symptoms develop after years.
The classification system consists of six basic neuropathic syndromes, which are subdivided into more specific categories. By minimizing the possibility of diagnosis in this way, specific medical tests can be used more effectively and efficiently. Six syndromes and several related causes are listed below:
- Acute Motor Paralysis, accompanied by various sensory and autonomic functional problems. Neuropathy associated with this syndrome is primarily accompanied by motor neuron disorders, but sensory and autonomic nerves may be involved. The disorders associated with this system are Guillain Barre Syndrome, diphtheria polyneuropathy and porphytic neuropathy.
- Parasion Sensor Motoris Subakut. This neuropathy primarily exhibits sensory symptoms but also has little impairment in the motor nervous component. Heavy metal poisoning (lead, mercury, and arsenic), chemicals or drugs are often associated with this syndrome.
- Diabetes, Lime’s disease, and malnutrition is also a possible cause.
- Chronic Motorist Sensory Paralysis. Physical symptoms may resemble the syndromes mentioned above, but the duration of symptoms to develop longer. This syndrome occurs in neuropathy arising from cancer, diabetes, leprosy, congenital or congenital metabolic disorders and hypothyroidism.
- Neuropathy associated with mithokhondrial diseases. Mithokhondrial is the organelle responsible for meeting the cell’s energy needs. If the mithokhondrial is damaged or destroyed, the cell’s energy needs can not be met and the cell can die.
- Recurrent or recurrent polyneuropathy. This syndrome includes neuropathy that affects several nerves and may disappear, such as Guillain Barre syndrome, porphyria and acute inflammatory polyneuropathy polyneuropathy.
- Mononeuropathy or Fleksopathy. The neurological damage associated with this syndrome is confined to a single nerve or to several closely related nerves.
- Neuropathy is associated with nerve injuries such as Carpal Turner syndrome and sciatica is included in this syndrome.
Causes and Symptoms
The typical symptoms of neuropathy are related to the type of nerve affected. If the sensory nerve is damaged, the common symptoms include numbness, tingling in the affected area, a thrill-like sensation, or pain. Pain associated with neuropathy can be quite strong and can be described as stabbing pain, cut, crushed, and burning. In some cases painful stimuli can be translated as severe pain or pain can also be felt even without stimulation.
Damage to motor nerves is usually indicated by weakness in the affected area. If problems with motor nerves continue over a period of time, atrophy or decreased muscle tone may be apparent. Autonomic nerve damage is most evident when a person stands up and experiences problems such as a mild headache or a change in blood pressure. Another indication of autonomic nerve damage is lack of sweat, tears, and saliva, constipation, urinary retention, and impotence. In some cases, heart rhythm disturbances and respiratory problems may occur.